Steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease is a severe complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. So far, its treatment remains very challenging since the current therapies do not offer significant benefits. Among the most recent approaches, multipotent mesenchymal stromal cell-based therapy has attracted great interest over the past decade. Here, we briefly reviewed the current knowledges about the immunomodulatory properties of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells as well as results of preclinical and clinical studies having assessed their efficacy to modulate steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease.
(BELG J HEMATOL 2016;7(6):229–35)