For most haematological disease entities whole genome and/or exome sequencing efforts identified a core set of recurrently mutated genes. Multiplex DNA mutation screening proves to be highly applicable for myeloid malignancies, since mutations in many genes, e.g. FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA, KIT, DNMT3A, IDH1, IDH2, TET2, ASXL1, RUNX1, SF3B1, SRSF2, U2AF1, ZRSR2, TP53, STAG2, SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21, PHF6, RAS, EZH2, ETV6, JAK2, MPL, CALR, SETBP1, CSF3R, are described to be significantly associated with diagnosis, disease subtyping, prognostication, and/or for tailoring therapy. Obviously, their analysis is no longer feasible using conventional, single gene molecular diagnostic techniques, urging the use of a multi-gene ‘pan-myeloid’ Next Generation Sequencing panel.
(BELG J HEMATOL 2016; 7(3):98–102)