We report the case of a 56-year-old patient with medical history of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), presenting with shortness of breath and lower extremity oedema. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed an important amount of pericardial fluid and an infiltrating mass located at the left ventricular wall. A pericardial window with drainage was performed and a biopsy of the pericardium was taken. The pathological report was compatible with an extramedullary manifestation of AML. Further work-up with complete blood test and bone marrow biopsy confirmed a systemic AML relapse. The patient was treated with re-induction chemotherapy and cardiac radiotherapy followed by a second allogeneic stem cell transplantation, leading to a complete remission.

(BELG J HEMATOL 2023;14(7):304–7)