The Belgian Hematology Society (BHS) updated the 2013 guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).1 As knowledge about ITP pathophysiology is increasing, the mode of action of old therapies is better understood and novel drugs are introduced to target more specific pathways. Corticosteroids with or without intravenous immunoglobulins (IgIV) remain the first line treatment. According to the updated international guidelines, a short course of corticosteroids rather than a prolonged treatment has to be recommended. The same guidelines stress that consequent therapies as thrombopoietic agents (TPO-RAs) and rituximab should be available independent of duration of ITP. Although the majority of recommendations is based on very low-quality evidence, it is strongly advised to individualise the ITP management taking patient values and preferences in account. The main treatment goal in all ITP patients must be to maintain a safe platelet count to prevent or stop bleeding with a minimum of toxicity and not to normalise the platelet count.

(BELG J HEMATOL 2020;12(3):112-27)