CAR T-cells have revolutionised the treatment of relapsed and refractory B-cell malignancies. Especially in B-ALL, exciting results have been published. This article reviews CAR T-cell design, the optimal T-cell product used, the lymphodepleting regimen preceding the adoptive therapy, successes and toxicities induced by CAR T-cells in clinical trials (especially B cell malignancies), and the future of CARs and their position in the quickly evolving field of targeted therapies and immunotherapy for haematological malignancies.

(BELG J HEMATOL 2017;8(3):94–101)