POEMS syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that is defined by the presence of peripheral neuropathy, a monoclonal plasma cell disorder, and other paraneoplastic features, of which the most common include organomegaly, endocrinopathy and skin changes.1 We report a case of POEMS syndrome in a 62-year old female who presented with worsening general condition, weight loss, asthenia and diarrhoea. Clinical examination showed the presence of ascites, peripheral oedema and a thickened skin with the presence of glomeruloid hemangioma. Further investigations showed the presence of three isolated FDG-avid bone laesions on PET-CT, a plasmacytoma with lambda restriction on bone marrow biopsy and elevated VEGF serum levels. The patient was treated with local radiotherapy with a total dose of 39 gray. Two months after radiotherapy, the patient already has a good clinical response with a reduction of ascites, fluid retention and diarrhoea, associated with a significant decline in the VEGF level.

After the case description, a review of the literature is presented.

(BELG J HEMATOL 2015;6(4): 156–61)