A. Piette MD, B. De Moerloose MD, PhD, P. Schelstraete MD, PhD, V. Bordon MD, PhD, T. De Baere PhD, G. Claeys MD, PhD
We report a Myceliophthora thermophila infection in a boy who underwent haematopoietic (cord blood) stem cell transplantation as treatment for relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia. Despite neutrophil engraftment and maximal supportive treatment, the child died of multi-organ failure. Infections with environmental moulds are rare, but potentially disastrous in immunocompromised patients. Rapid diagnosis and early treatment is of upmost importance.